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Organized aggressions against Private Property

Of all 36 ways to get out of trouble, the best way leave. — Chinese proverb.

The wrong of any isolated individual aggression is easily recognisable, nevertheless if the same action is systematically performed at a big scale by an organized group of people that is established in a position of domination, then the evil may be camouflaged as a habit or custom. 

Such aggressions are often justified as a means to an alleged "greater good" or necessity consisting of collective and abstract terms to which a higher status is assigned than that of the individuals who form it. 

“Society's needs come before the individuals' needs” Adolf Hitler used to say. According to their state official "unequivocally settled" science, Jews were dangerous to society, so exterminating them was going to protect people. 

The more they “love” these abstractions (world, community, nature, etc…), the more they hate real individual human beings. —  Nick Szabo

Sometimes the "greater good" is just the avoidance of a supposed catastrophe or emergency, so the evil act is said to be the only unavoidable way to fight an urgent disaster. 

The urge to save humanity is almost always only a false-face for the urge to rule it. — H.L. Mencken.


The instil of fear is a powerful weapon to get compliance and submission.


Those who would give up a little liberty to gain a little security, will deserve neither, and they’ll probably will end up losing both. — Benjamin Franklin.

In order to decrease the rejection of aggression, hate may be projected against the harmed people who is vilified and used as a scapegoat.


No end justifies any violation of rights. Respecting people and their freedom is always the greater good and the most important end. First, do not harm.

Nowadays, in order to institutionalize greed for the goods of others, it is very common to resort to the abstraction of wealth equality by appealing to the instinct of envy.

Natural economic inequality is wrongfully associated to poverty by describing the economy as a static zero sum game in which all wealth comes at the expense of someone else.

Those theories do not recognize the expansion and dynamism of free economic systems that create and mobilize prosperity.

Not all equality is desirable; forced wealth equality is certainly not.

There is all the difference in the world between treating people equally and attempting to make them equal. — Friederich Hayek.

The only equality in a civilized and peaceful society is the Equality before the Law. 

A society that puts economic equality ahead of freedom will end up with neither equality nor freedom. — Milton Friedman.

The main source of material inequality is one's own being. Economic value naturally differs among people as different preferences and choices imply unequal economic outcomes. Humans are not even equal to themselves in different days and are naturally conditioned by externalities like the place, time and community in which we they are born.

From the fact that people are very different if follows that, if we treat them equally, the result must be inequality in their actual position, and that the only way to place them in an equal position would be to treat them differently. Equality before the law and material equality are therefore not only different but are in conflict with each other; and we can achieve either one or the other, but not both at the same time. — Friederich Hayek.


If there is not equality of outcomes among people born to the same parents and raised under the same roof, why should equality of outcomes be expected when conditions are not nearly so comparable? — Thomas Sowell.

Diversity is something to be celebrated with tolerance.

The political system that abolishs private property is called socialism

Socialist ideology is based on the state ownership of production means, nevertheless, in pure socialism (also called communism) practically all goods belong to the state since almost any good can be used as a means for for production.

If a state is defined as the organized group of people that has the monopoly of violence over a certain territory and a mafia as that organized banditry that extracts income through the use of violence, then under socialism, the state is just a sofisticated mafia that justifies its criminal activity as good and necessary. Basically a mafia with schools that requires adulation for the crimes it commits. 


Socialism is sometimes wrongly defined as a system of wealth equality, however, any political system should be explained by the measures it carries out, not by the intended consequences.

All pure socialists experiments result in general impoverishment and extreme wealth inequality between civilians and those with politic power. The misallocation of resources turns economies into humanitarian disasters, and while the politic class thrive through confiscation, the vast majority get impoverish. 

Hence, all regimes that start as real socialism end up being described as “not real socialism”; it is like if a "rain dance" were defined as a dance that causes raining, so if rain does appear afterwards, it would be said that it was "not a real rain dance". Any definition of a political system must be outcome-neutral, or a fallacy will be committed.


If politics is the art and science of managing centralized coercion, then socialism is the increasing of political inequality since it empowers a bureaucratic elite that controls and commands all the economic activity. Absolutism and despotism are in the DNA of socialism since an extreme concentration of power is required to violate private property in a general way. 

What belongs to everybody belongs to nobody; or rather to the few who exercise the property right in the name of “everybody".

Political institutions tend to use the word “social” to misapply what only works at a small scale and based on trust, to a huge scale and via coercion.

“We and we alone have the best social welfare measures” said the Propaganda Minister of National Socialist German Workers’ Party, Joseph Goebbels in 1944.

If the term "social" refers to voluntary human interactions, then there is no political system more anti-social than socialism.

Socialism corrupts the term Law in order to disguise any violation of rights as a supposed enforcement of Law.

Lex injusta non est lex (Unjust law is not law) — San Agustín de Hipona.


Natural Law is simple: any aggression against rights is wrong, so the extensiveness of any legislation tends to imply the existence of rules that oppose Law.

As the representation of Justice by a girl with blinded eyes suggests, Law applies equally to all regardless of particular circumstances. Human rights are universal.


Nevertheless, legislation and regulation are frequently used to codify injustice by establishing the aggressors’ own will in form of written mandates, norms, decrees, statutes, bills, rules of conduct, and so on. 

One has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws — Martin Luther King Jr. 

Good people disobey bad “laws”.

Legislation frequently consists of norms that apply to particular subjects, like privileges or discriminatory rules.


Most constitutions were initially designed with the purpose of defending human rights, nevertheless there is no government of laws, but government of people. Any norm can be interpreted and amended in multiple ways. Legislation is made, executed and sanctioned by a dominating group of people that tends to not make any norm that harms them, and in the case that such a norm exists, then they will change it or breach it. 


Beyond ethics, aggression against private property impedes economic development by hindering economic calculation and disincentivizing the creation of wealth. 

When you subsidise poverty and failure, you get more of both. — James Dale Davidson.

The state aggressions against free exchanges are called economic interventions. 

Intervened economies substitute the coordination through knowledge for mandates. 

As any aggression, any economic intervention benefits specific individuals at the expense of others who are harmed.

Very frequently it brings consequences that are opposite to the hopes that inspired the economic policy, like the so-called "cobra effect".

In xxx year the Crown of England had the will to reduce the amount of cobras that habited in its colony of India, so it rewarded its capture. 

Los incentivos económicos llevaron a la cría de cobras para conseguir el premio. Para cuando el programa terminó, la cantidad de cobras en India se había multiplicado varias veces.

The interventions consisting of Price Controls are another clear example of it:

-Forcing prices staying below those of a free market is usually motivated by the scarcity of some good, however it results in a shortage and a deterioration of the good. The artificially low prices harm providers and disincentivize the economization of its consumption since the artificial price signals abundance.  

-Inversely, forcing the increasing of prices is frequently motivated by the lack of scarcity, nevertheless it causes a higher surplus. Demand is reduced due to the decrease in consumers' purchasing power.

The providers that compete by offering lower prices get specially harmed. An example is the Minimum Wage Laws, which basically is the forcefully increasing of the price of hiring; in that case, the less skilled and experienced unemployed workers get the worst consequences .

Nowadays in most western countries, due to taxes, el gasto por trabajador is around 2x el salario que percibe. ¿Se imaginan que se prohibiese trabajar por cuenta propia a todos aquellos trabajadores que no lograsen unos ingresos de 2x el sueldo mínimo?

El paro deriva de la intervención y sus rigideces legislativas since there is as much work to be done as there are unfulfilled desires.

A case that brings together a simultaneous forced increasing and decreasing in price of two similar goods is the so called Greham’s Law, which establishes that when prices of diferent moneys are artificially fixed, then the overvalued money drives the undervalued money out of the legal market.

That has happened historically whenever the price between gold and silver was forcefully fixed. As The price of gold tended to be forced below when used in legal exchange, so it ceased to be used for that. 

La propaganda política argues that intervened prices are "fair" rates, however, the only fair rates are those mutually agreed between the two consenting parts involved in the exchange.

Otras intervenciones son creadas con la intención específica de perjudicar a ciertas personas. 

An example is protectionism, which should be better called privilegionismo because it consists in a conjunto de intervenciones estatales that privilegian some businesses by imposing restrictions to their competitors. It basically favours the privileged businesses at the expense of everyone else, because besides harming those providers who are impeded to compete, it harms any possible consumer as the availability of goods decreases.


protectionism halts cooperation By banning the implementation of competitive advantages. 

"La competencia es la máxima forma de cooperación" - Antonio Escohotado. 

"Competimos por ser mejores cooperadores, y cooperamos para ser mejores competidores" - Juan Ramon Rallo.

La competencia entre service providers guarantees the quality and abaratamiento del servicio, además de la calidad de los puestos de trabajo y el incremento de los salarios.


If the restrictions are specifically imposed to foreign companies with the goal of reducing imports, then the proteccionismo is called mercantilismo.

What "(economic) protection" teaches us, is to do to ourselves in time of peace what enemies seek to do to us in time of war.” ― Henry George. 

Frederich Bastiat warned that “when goods don’t cross borders, soldiers will”. Denying the possibility of voluntary exchange is banning the only possible way to acquire other people's goods peacefully.


El llamado corporativismo o clientelismo político es un tipo de proteccionismo en el que se privilegia a grandes compañías ya establecidas mediante la imposición de restricciones a las competidoras que no cuentan con lazos políticos. It results in the consolidation of monopolios and oligopolios.

La hyper-regulación tiene consecuencias similares since there are economies of scale in complying with regulations that raise barriers to the entry of small innovators.

Some legislations have the specific goal of perpetuating intellectual monopolies, like the INTELLECTUAL "PROPERTY" legislation."IP" forbids the reproduction of knowledge, forcing people to treat easily replicable concepts as scarce physical goods, which violates actual property rights. It halts competition and slows down progress as la emulación de lo exitoso es parte esencial del desarrollo económico.


Interventionism is also used to coercively punish those services that satisfy the demand of what may be considered risky or not virtuous, like vices. The prosecution of peaceful voluntary exchanges as crimes triggers the formation of gangs and mafias around the forbidden service, since real criminals that are already in risk of being imprisoned get attracted by the boosting in profits that the forced shortage brings. 

No todo lo inmoral debería ser ilegal. If two consenting adults reach a voluntary agreement whereby they both expect to improve their situation, no third person should use violence in order to prevent the exchange. 

An interventionist spiral occurs when more intervention is seen as the cure for the problems that intervention itself has created. For example, the corruption of the state apparatus is a regular and natural effect of extreme interventionism, nevertheless, more intervention is frequently presented as a way to solve corruption.


The perpetuation of intervention in some services may lead people to think of the impossibility of those services through voluntary exchanges without the aggressors as intermediaries. 

Shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, a British economist was asked by the director of bread production in the Russian City of St. Petersburgs: “Please understand that we are keen to move towards a market system, but we need to understand how such a system works. Tell me, for example, who is in charge of the supply of bread to the population of London?” Soviet mind was astonished by the notion that the economy could operate without a planner to coordinate it. — Christian Niemietz. 


Hay alternativas a cada una de las funciones que proporciona el Estado, existieron y pueden existir.



Beyond the evilness of impeding economic exchange is that of directly subtracting others property.

Nowadays, in the so called welfare states is considered legit to resist against petty theft, however, it is said to be a fraud resisting against recurrent confiscation of income and life savings.

So those neighbourhoods where a wallet could be stolen are said to be dangerous,  however, territories where residents get their bank accounts systematically drained by political entities are called welfare countries. 

Violent extraction of other people’s peaceful acquired goods is evil, even if the aggressor thinks somebody else will benefit from it; the same way that violent interference against other people’s peaceful actions is evil, even if the aggressor thinks it is for their own good.

If theft is defined as the extraction other people’s property without their consent, then taxes are just recurrent theft. 

Theft is called robbery if violence is applied during the extraction and it is called extortion when is the owner who ends up delivering the property in order to be free of the threat of violence. 

In order to boost recurrent theft it is necessary to violate personal privacy, that is why direct taxes consist of extortions to obtain personal info that is later used in further extortions to maximize the confiscation of property.


“Everything is done for the nation.... The Jews are the incarnation of capitalism”.

Joseph Goebbels. Minister of Propaganda del partido nacional socialista aleman (Nazi).  Germany’s National Socialist German Workers’ Party. Said in 1944.


-The closest we’ve ever come in recent centuries to controlled political experiments:

North vs South Korea, 1950s-today. East vs. West Germany, 1945-1989. Venezuela vs Chile, 1973-today.

-The use of force for the prevention of competition is essential for exploitation.

-There is a distinction between tax rates and tax revenues.


-Democratic collective ownership can work only in small, homogeneous, voluntary communities. Socialism could never be anything other than a technocratic, hierarchical command-and-control system. In order to achieve its ends, the planners must create power and restrict people’s freedom.

-In a free market, virtue pays, but in a society where most relations are not voluntary, do not. Market society will have nicer people than a centrally planned society.

-Poverty is caused by the absence of capitalism.

-Alemania oriental tenia en 1989 el 30% de PIB que la occidental.

Corea del Norte el 5% del PIB de Corea del Sur en 2003.

-Singapur, gracias a la libertad económica ha pasado de país tercermundista a uno de los países mas avanzados. Cuba, al contrario.

-The history of the 20th century is full of examples of countries that set out to redistribute wealth and end up redistributing poverty.

  • el problema no es la riqueza del que tiene si no la pobreza del que no tiene //

-Problemas económicos del socialismo: 1. Conocimiento. 2. Cálculo económico 3. Falta de incentivos o incentivos perversos o incluso inversos: rendimiento y remuneración no van ligados. A mejor eres, o no te ascienden, o te acaban cambiando a un lugar donde trabajas aún mas.

-The black market IS the market.

-En una pandemia si el sistema sanitario es centralizado: las personas/contagios se deben adaptar al sistema sanitario en lugar del sistema sanitario a las personas.


-no todo lo inmoral tiene que ser ilegal //




-What theoretically was considered socialismo, ahora es llamado comunismo, el nombre de comunista es posterior, para diferenciar a los socialdemócratas de los comunistas totales.

-The difference between socialism and social-democratic socialism is a matter of degree.

En la socialdemocracia, el fin sigue justificando los medios en lo económico.

-La socialdemocracia = socialismo de mercado o capitalismo de Estado.

-El marxismo parte de la idea de que el valor es objetivo y resultado de los costes de producción, así que el capitalista se apodera de una plusvalía.

-Crime: an act of aggression against a property right. An invasion by the use of violence against the man’s property and therefore against his liberty.



-Explotaition: taking advantage for own benefit of a vulnerability.

Mi teoría es que no existe explotación sin violencia, porque sin violencia no es unilateral. Se podría pensar que el trabajador explota al empresario.

-Slavery: condition in which a person has no property rights.


-Regulation: a rule established and enforced by the government.

-Education is descriptive, whereas indoctrination is normative.

-Power: the ability of making people doing what you want.

Political power: amenaza de usar la fuerza fisica para imponer un castigo o una sanción. there is downside. Financial power: there is only upside.

-government vs governance // yo diría political governance vs consent governance.

-Autoridad:  deferencia que le das a una persona por su edad.

-Estado totalitario = colectivismo: el individuo carece de cualquier derecho frente al Estado.

Ej. Comunismo, fascismo. Rechazan las esferas individuales, movilizando a la sociedad hacia un fin unitario.

-Nacionalismo: doctrina política que coloca la soberanía en manos de la nación. Nación: conjunto de individuos caracterizados por una determinada identidad ético-cultural. Los individuos deben lealtad a la nación. Lo primero es el interés de la nación.

-Fascismo: hiperestatismo nacionalista o totalitarismo nacionalista.

Confundir patria con estado, eso es fascismo.

-Tirania mayoritaria: “el pueblo es soberano” en lugar de “el individuo es soberano”

-Socialdemocracia: Gobierno limitado que viola algunas libertades individuales para redistribuir recursos. Limita la propiedad privada y autonomía contractual.

-Republicanismo: Socialdemocracia light. Reconoce derechos positivos como la asistencia sanitaria, educación gratuita, medio ambiente saludable, acceso a la vivienda…

-Populismo: estrategia política para alcanzar el poder que consiste en:

*Demagogia: llegar a todos los rincones de la sociedad para decirle a la gente lo que quiere escuchar por imposible que sea.

*Maniqueismo: encontrar a un enemigo hacia el cual canalizar los odios de la sociedad, para vender soluciones sencillas que consisten en acabar con ese enemigo. De derechas: extranjeros. De izdas: los ricos. (Tenemos un sesgo primitivo de que el que mas tiene es xq ha robado a otros, tb hay sesgo anti-extranjeros).

*Estatismo: el Estado no debe tener restricciones para que pueda solucionar los problemas.

*Caudillismo: líder ingenioso y carismático.

-Utilitarismo: doctrina filosófica por la que cada individuo debería comportarse de tal manera que contribuya a maximizar el bienestar del conjunto de la sociedad. Es un colectivismo moral.

The so-called welfare state implica grandes subvenciones.

-Welfare program: subvenciones por doquier (e impuestos).

A plethora of huge welfare programs were introduced by The nazi Germany at the cost of requiring all Jews to declare all their properties and assets whether domestic or foreign to be taxed 20% on their wealth, also, an exit tax was imposed to them.

"free" food, clothing, shelter, guaranteed employment, healthcare, education and security (to the well behaved) are provided by the slavers.


-Devaluing money to increase exports: reducing the value of a currency creates a one time discount on the outputs, impoverishing locals and subsidising foreigners.


State growth and limitation: (socialism)


-Government grows by exaggerating and manufacturing crises.

-La guerra es la salud del Estado. El Estado nace, crece y se alimenta de la guerra: “guerra contra el machismo, desigualdad, cambio climático, pobreza, virus”.

-En qué areas debe intervenir el Estado? Qué competencias tiene?

Hasta la corrupción estatal se utiliza para justificar mayor Estado:

-solo hay corrupción donde hay algo limitado o regulado por el Estado (negativa aunque mas veces Positiva) //

-La corrupción es inherente a la clase política porque sirve para coordinar a la clase política.

-corrupción es un elemento de coordinacion en sociedades socialistas//

-Hablar de Estado de derecho es una contradicción en los términos, tan grave como referirse a un círculo cuadrado, a la nieve caliente, o a un esqueleto obeso. - ANTHONY DE JASAY

-The worst evils which mankind has ever had to endure were inflicted by governments (Mises).

-Communist, socialist and fascist governments were responsible for over 200 million deaths.

Classify and Distinguish people by their characteristics and circumstances (like race, nationality, age, purchasing power..).

-((El censo es el medio para decretar impuestos, hacer la guerra y controlar a las gentes.))

porque “El que parte y reparte se lleva la mejor parte”.

(Equal results, independientemente de las elecciones de cada individuo, por lo que se acaba considerando justo obligar a trabajar)

-Para ver porqué la desigualdad es natural y ética, todo se puede poner en analogía con el deporte o el sexo o físico.

-Siempre fué muy peligroso ser rico (históricamente).

Que paguen la crisis los ricos, no los pobres (Karl Marx).

-Una pequeña matanza más y la humanidad marchará mucho mejor (Jean Rostand).

-Ser gobernado es ser observado, espiado, regulado, numerado, dirigido… (Pierre J. Proudhon).

-El Comunismo no es amor, es una maza que utilizamos para machacar al enemigo (Mao Tse Tung).

The limitation of states:

-el éxito de Europa es que estaba fragmentada. Unida culturalmente pero rota politicamente//

But no end justifies the violation of rights. Respecting people and their freedom is always the grater good and the most important end.

“First, do not harm”.

-Maintaining calm and a sense of humor are the best weapons.

-preparing your accounts for the taxman is like tidying yourself up for burglars.


-Competition about states imposes severe limits on the size of government and its exploitative powers. Si no es por la comparación con otros paises, la URSS habría tardado mas tiempo en colapsar.

-Cuando vives con alguien que se cree con derecho a agredirte y someterte, lo mejor que puedes hacer es huir. En todos los ámbitos de la vida.

-Brexit: para integrar economicamente a los ciudadanos hay que fragmentar politicamente.

-El éxito tradicional de Europa es que estaba fragmentada políticamente aunque unida culturalmente. Cuando China estaba centralizada, Europa estaba fragmentada.

-La desintegración política favorece la defensa.

-Cyberspace transcends locality -> Reduce individual’s protection cost -> “Cows will have wings” -> power Estate - power of individual will reduce -> transition to “competitive territorial clubs” instead of nation states -> more economic liberty = economic growth.

-“If you don’t like it, leave” assumes the authority is legitimate, so a person has to relocate in order to refuse consent.

-moverse: puedes intentar cambiar a toda la sociedad para que se comporte como a ti te gustaría, o puedes apoyar a esos que ya lo hacen uniéndote a ellos.


-The smaller the country, the greater will be the pressure to opt for free trade rather than protectionism, because the consequences can be seen pretty quickly.


-La Iglesia católica perdió su fuerza porque las personas dejaron de creer en ella: para que pierda fuerza el Estado el primer paso es dejar de creer en él. //




-“para conseguir el poder político, apóyate en los pobres”//

But Charity / Solidarity is voluntary. If forced is robbery.

“It is easy to be conspicuously 'compassionate' if others are being forced to pay the cost.”

― Murray N. Rothbard

Private property is so natural that Most communists are not against property rights, they are against your property rights. Everybody wants to keep the fruits of their labor and be free.

-“Intellectuals are naturally attracted by the idea of a planned society, in the belief that they will be in charge of it” (Roger Scruto)

-“Quien parte y reparte se queda con la mejor parte”.

((the person in charge of sharing out always keeps the biggest bit for himself)).

-"Social contract”: it was never a contract. Si te llega una factura de TV de 1000 EUR y tu no firmaste nada, no está bien, pero si debes la vida y la mitad de tu sueldo sin firmar ningún contrato eso si que está bien.

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